Primary and Secondary Sources
A primary source is a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study. Primary sources enable researchers to get as close as possible to what actually happened during an historical event and or time period. Examples include:
- ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS (excerpts or translations acceptable): Diaries, speeches, manuscripts, letters, interviews, news film footage, autobiographies, official records
- CREATIVE WORKS: Poetry, drama, novels, music, art
- RELICS OR ARTIFACTS: Pottery, furniture, clothing, buildings
A secondary source interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event. Secondary sources may have pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources in them. Examples include textbooks, magazine articles, histories, criticisms, commentaries, and encyclopedia. -- College of Charleston Library
Click on Roy J. Wasson Academic Campus, sign in with district log in/password, search by title, author, or subject.
"An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of theannotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited."
-- Cornell University Library