Grade 8 Space and Technology Studies 81-84: Overview
Course Number: SCM.8SPCE1 - SCM.8SPC4
This advanced course will be abased on space science simulations including, creating new scenarios for the simulator and CAD/CAM design. Advanced students will also run intermediate students through one middle level shuttle mission simulation each quarter of their semester long course. Advanced model building of space vehicle especially satellites or components of the International Space Station will be offered. The Scientific Process is applied in creating simulations.
Course Length: 1 Period Length: 0 Grade Level: 6-6 Credit per Semester: 0
Enduring Understandings - important ideas that students should carry with them years beyond the instruction received this year.
- Scientists investigate the world around them and communicate to others through the scientific process.
- The scientific process is the basis of an integrated approach to understanding our world. (topic/problem, testable question, hypothesis, procedure)
- Scientists use a plan to carry out an investigation (variables, control, data, observations, investigations).
- Scientists select, appropriate tools to collect, organize, and record data using the metric system in tables, charts, and graphs.
- Scientists analyze data for reliability, validity to form conclusions. Scientists analyze data to infer past and predict future events. Scientists communicate the results of their investigations in many formats and appropriate ways.
- Scientists identify, determine, compare, and control variables. Scientists must be objective and bias free when examining their work. Scientists communicate their results using various methods. Scientists use models to predict change.
- All matter exists in specific states (e.g. solid, liquid, gas, plasma) and has characteristic chemical and physical properties.
- Experiments must be controlled and have reproducible results.
- All matter has characteristic chemical and physical properties which can be described, and a variety of quantities can be compared (Conservation of Matter).
- Elements are pure substances that can not be broken down by routine laboratory procedures; compounds are pure substances that are formed by the combination of elements in definite proportions. All forms of matter are composed of one or more of the elements
- The Periodic Table of Elements is both a tool and an organized arrangement of the elements that demonstrates the underlying atomic structure of the elements.
- There are measurable properties of kinetic and potential energy.
- Different simple machines produce different mechanical advantages.
- Energy cannot be created nor destroyed.
- The world population uses both renewable and nonrenewable resources.
- The world is affected by the interrelationship of science and technology. New technology continually impacts human activity
- Safety is a primary concern with all laboratory techniques.
Essential Questions - most important “big picture” questions students should be able to answer after completing learning activities.
- What is a testable question that leads to a proposed hypothesis? How is a testable question developed?
- How do scientists design a plan for investigating a testable questions? How is an investigation organized?
- How do scientists develop and perform a scientific investigation? What are the independent/manipulated and dependent/responding variables? What is the standard of control?
- What are the appropriate tools, technologies, and measurement systems used by scientists?
- How do scientists interpret and evaluate data? How do scientists infer/predict past and future events?
- What new questions have arisen based on unexpected results of the investigation? How is scientific information effectively communicated to specific audiences?
- What is the difference between a physical and chemical change? How can substances be separated chemically or physically? How can matter be classified?
- What does the arrangement of elements in The Periodic Table of Elements tell us about an element?
- How can one recognize the advantages of different simple machines?
- How can we recognize the changes in energy?
- What are the differences between and uses of renewable and nonrenewable resources?
- What are the advantages and disadvantages of using technology to solve problems?
- How do people use science and technology in their professional lives?
- How do controlled/uncontrolled variables affect the outcomes of experiments?
- How do you identify, compare, and control variables in an investigation?
- How does bias, opinion, and evidence affect the way science is communicated in various media?
- What are some different sources and methods a scientist uses to collect and record data?
- How can models help us predict future outcomes?
- What are safe laboratory practices?